MARIJUANA POLICY PROJECT
Summary of governor’s legalization bill
In her annual budget proposal introduced in January 2019, Gov. Gina Raimondo of Rhode Island put forth a plan to legalize and regulate marijuana for adults’ use. The full proposal can be found in Article 20 of the budget bill. Below is a detailed summary.
Possession limits for adults 21 and older (effective January 1, 2020)
One ounce of dried marijuana or its equivalent.
Up to five ounces of dried marijuana or its equivalent at home, provided it is locked and stored.
If two or more adults live in the same residence, there may be no more than 10 ounces in total.
- Home cultivation is not permitted.
Fines and punishments for violations
For cultivation, processing, or manufacturing:
If the violation involves one to five plants, $2,000 per plant.
If the violation involves six to 10 plants, $3,000 per plant.
If the violation involves 11 to 20 plants, $4,000 per plant.
If the violation involves more than 20 plants, $5,000 per plant and a felony crime.
For possession of dried marijuana or its equivalent, the fine is $2,000 per ounce over the limit.
For public consumption, $150.
Smoking or vaporizing in public housing, $150.
Smoking or vaporizing in multi-unit housing complexes without written permission from landlord or owner, $150.
False age representation:
First offense – $100 – $500 fine, 30 hours of community service, and 30-day suspension of driver’s license.
Second offense – $500 – $750 fine, 40 hours of community service, and three-month suspension of driver’s license.
Third offense – $750 – $1,000 fine, 50 hours of community service, and one-year suspension of driver’s license.
Distribution to minors under 21: $10,000 fine and felony.
- Extraction of marijuana using solvents other than water, glycerin, propylene glycol, vegetable oil, or food- grade ethanol (ethyl alcohol), $5,000 and a felony.
Places of employment
Employers do not have to accomodate use or impairment on the job.
- However, employees may not be fired or disciplined for lawful marijuana use outside the workplace.
Office of Cannabis Regulation (OCR)
Charged with implementing and overseeing adult-use market.
Must report to legislature each year starting January 1, 2021.
Marijuana Advisory Board
14 members, seven selected by house speaker, seven by senate president.
two members of the general assembly
two experts in law enforcement
two experts in public health
two experts in the legal marijuana business community
two attorneys with experience in marijuana law and policy
two experts in social welfare or social justice
two individuals who represents marijuana consumers
- Duties include making recommendations and holding public hearings.
Applicants must be majority-owned by Rhode Island residents.
Department of Health licenses testing facilities, OCR licenses everything else.
In addition to cultivators, processors, and retail stores, OCR may issue other types of licenses for “marijuana destruction, delivery, disposal, research and development, transportation, social use licenses, or any other commercial activity.”
If a person has a drug felony conviction, they cannot hold an ownership, equity, controlling, or managing stake in the marijuana establishment license.
OCR may deny, with explanation, any applicant it deems “unsuitable.”
OCR has authority to adopt regulations governing the allowable size of licensees.
OCR may limit the number of licenses that an applicant may be issued.
No entity may possess a testing facility license and another kind of marijuana establishment license simultaneously.
Medical marijuana compassion centers and cultivators may be issued adult-use marijuana licenses (and will be prioritized), provided they are in good standing, but OCR may limit operation if patient’s’ access to medical marijuana is threatened.
Retailers may not operate within 500 feet of a school; other establishments may not operate within 1,000 feet of a school.
Any medical marijuana establishment may apply for and be issued adult-use licenses for the corresponding medical marijuana licenses held prior to July 1, 2019.
Until January 1, 2023, only entities that held compassion center licenses before July 1, 2019 may be “vertically integrated,” i.e., hold a cultivator, retail, and processor license at the same time.
Compassion centers that hold an adult-use license will not be required to register as a not-for-profit entity.
A marijuana establishment licensee may not advertise through any means unless at least 85% of the audience is reasonably expected to be 21 or older.
Pop-up digital advertisements are prohibited.
Pricing may not be displayed except on the business’s website or through opt-in communications (e.g. emails, text messages).
Billboard advertising is prohibited.
Signage outside an establishment may not feature a marijuana leaf or neon lights.
Marijuana businesses may be listed in phone books.
- Marijuana businesses may sponsor charitable events so long as there is no logo use that displays cannabis imagery.
No product may be in the shape of an animal, human, vehicle, or other shape or form that may be attractive to children.
No “additives,” i.e., products that could be mixed with existing food products.
Individual edible products may not contain more than five mg of THC per serving.
No package of edible products may contain more than 100 mg of THC.
Unless authorized by OCR, no product may contain THC potency greater than 50%.
- Packaging must be opaque and difficult for children to open.
Municipalities may adopt zoning and use ordinances to regulate time, place, and manner of operation of marijuana establishments within their jurisdiction.
These must be adopted before January 1, 2020.
Community host agreements and other forms of payment (besides reasonable permitting and zoning fees) are prohibited.
Cities may ban or limit adult-use marijuana establishments through a referendum on November 5, 2019. A single question to ban all establishments is not permitted; different questions are required for each class of license.
Future referenda may be held to repeal previously adopted bans.
No municipality may prohibit the transport of marijuana through their jurisdiction.
- Municipalities may impose civil and criminal penalties for violations of adopted ordinances, provided they do not conflict with state law or regulations.
Cultivator excise tax (imposed on all cannabis cultivated, not necessarily sold):
$3/per ounce of trim
$10/per ounce of dried marijuana
Adult use marijuana retail excise tax:
10% of sales
Standard sales tax of 7% applies.
A restricted receipt account, the “marijuana trust fund,” will be created to collect taxes and fees related to the adult-use market.
Purposes of the trust include funding programs and activities related to program administration; revenue collection and enforcement; substance use disorder prevention for adults and youth; education and public awareness campaigns; treatment and recovery support services; public health monitoring, research, data collection, and surveillance; law enforcement training; and technology improvements, including grants to local law enforcement.
25% of the funds collected will go to the departments of business regulation, health, revenue, and public safety, and the executive office of health and human services.
15% will go to cities and towns.
One quarter will be distributed equally to all cities and towns.
One quarter will be distributed based on the share of total licensed marijuana cultivators, licensed marijuana processors, and licensed marijuana retailers found in each city or town at the end of the quarter that corresponds to the distribution, with licensed marijuana retailers assigned a weight twice that of the other license types.
One half based on the volume of sales of adult- use marijuana products that occurred in each city or town in the quarter of the distribution.
- The remaining 60% will go to the state’s general fund.
Landlords may prohibit smoking or vaporizing, but not lawful consumption through other means.
Rank-and-file employees of marijuana establishments are not required to submit to background checks.
A marijuana establishment licensee cannot use any coupons, discounts, samples, giveaways, or any other mechanism to sell marijuana at prices below market value that may or may not circumvent the payment and collection of marijuana taxes.
The proposal allows for the possibility of online sales and delivery.
Saliva is added to the kinds of chemical tests that can be admissible in a case involving driving under the influence.